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Burundi








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Per capita income 
         The name of the Anthem: "Our Burundi" Burundi 1962 (The year the anthem was adopted)

 To learn more about this country click here:  Burundi


A Brief History of Burundi
  1.     Being a landlocked country, Burundi does not have an outlet
to the sea or to the ocean.  It is surrounded by countries:  Rwanda,
Tanzania and the Democratic Republic of the Congo.  Its capital
is Bujumbura.  There are basically 3 ethnic peoples that occupy
this land.  They are the Twa, Hutu and the Tutsi peoples. History
tells us that these three ethnic people have lived together on
this land for over 5 hundred years.  Out of the five hundred years,
Burundi was a Kingdom.  When the Germans and the Belgiums 
colonized the area around the 20th century, they named the area
Raunda-Urandi.  The social differences between these ethnic groups,
especially between the Hutu and the Tutsi proliferated into civil
conflict. Initially, Burundi and Rwanda were joined together as one
country under the Germans .  But after Germany was defeated in
World War II. the country was given to Belgium.  The countries
we now call Rwanda and Burundi were given to Belgium by the
League of Nations because it was the League of Nations'
mandate territory.  The League of nations was a community
of Nations like you have the United Nations today.  

The United Nations is an offshoot from the League of Nations.
The League of Nations was the world organization that told
president Barclay of Liberia in the 1930's to stop whatever
forced labor that was taking place in Liberia and stop sending
the indigenous people to work on the sugar cane plantations
in Fernando Po.  The League of Nations told the Liberian
government not to be engaged an any form of slave trade if
that had been the case.

After World War II, when the United Nations was formed, Ruanda- Urundi was a UN Trust Territory under Belgian Colonial empire.
Belgium permited Ruanda-Urundi to contine their kingship dynasty.
Mwami Mwambutsa IV, the king of Burundi or the ruler of Burundi
 asked Belgium Minister  of Colonies to separate Burundi from 
Rwanda and desolve what was known as Ruanda-Urundi. At this
time, the Hutu in Rwanda attacked the Tutsi in that country and
slaughtered Tutsi by the thousands.  Some of them fled to Uganda
and some came down to Burundi seeking refuge. After this war,
The Hutu people took power in Rwanda and sought for their
independence which was awarded to them in 1960.  In 1962 
Burunda got her independence.  But that was not the end of
the social and political problem.  There were coups and counter
coups that followed.  Read the rest of the history of Burundi.
But here is the question:  Do you think if Rwanda and Burundi
were to remain one state, that would have been better?  There
are Hutu and Tutsi in Burunda and there are Hutu and Tutsi in
Rwanda.  Would you prefer for all the Hutu to remain in one
country and all the Tutsi to remain in the other country, or
you would prefer to have it as it is presently?

2. In our reading, we are told about the South African Protection
Support Detachment and the African Union Mission to Burundi.
What do these mean?  What was the South African Protection 
Support Detachment and what was the African Union Mission
to Burundi?  What did each group accomplish and what did
they actually do with the peace process?

3. Burundi is a landlocked country and belongs in the Great Lake region. The Great Lakes include the following: a. Lake Victoria b. Lake Tanganyika c. Lake Malawi d. Lake Turkana e. Lake Albert f. Lake Kivu g. Lake Edward. My question is, how many African countries belong to this Great Lakes Region? Can you name the countries.       
  4. In Burundi, 85% of the population are Hutu and 15% are Tutsi and at least 1% belong to the Twa/Pygmie group. There are a little over 10 million people in Burundi. Burundi is the fifth highest total fertility rate in the world at 6.08 children born/ woman in 2012. It is estimated that one in every 15 adults has HIV/AIDS. It is estimated that AIDS "has a significant effect on the demographic of the country. over 500,000 have been dispaced due to the disease." Less than 2% of the population has electricity in its house. Corruption is at its height. Corruption hinders development. Wikipedia points out that Burundi has "high poverty rate, poor education rates, a weak legal system, a poor transportation network, overburdened utilitiess, and low administrative capacity -risk undermining planned economic reforms." Many people have left the country as refugees into other countries. the United States of America is said to have taken in approximately 10,000 Burudian refugees in 2006. My question is, what is the Burundian government doing about these mounting problems of HIV/AIDS, poverty, corruption and other serious problems the country continue to face. With the birth rate so high and education so low, how do they expect to educate their children and provide food and health for their people? I will ask the same question I asked about Lesotho's HIV/AIDS problem.
If you were working for Garry Gehyigon's organization, RICDC Team,
What would you recommend for the people of the Burudi?
Can you draw up a 10-point proposal to help Pierre Nkurunziza, the President of Burundi with this pandemic?  How long or how many years will it take to fight off this major developmental problem?

5 What is the capital city of Burundi and which of the Provinces
is the capital city in?
6. What  year was the Burundi National Anthem adopted? 
And what is the Name of the National Anthem?  Who composed it?
Lyrics by_________________________Music by_______________________
Since when did they start using the Anthem?  19____?  
Adoption     
a. 1965     
b. 1966     
c. 1962     
d. 1993     
e.  2005     
f. None of the Above
g.    The Name of the National Anthem___________________________
__________________________________________________________


7. What was Burundi's GDP (Gross Domestic Product) for 2012?

8. For administrative purposes, the Burundi is divided into 17 Provinces. 1. Bubanza 2. Bujumbura Mairie 3. Bujumbura Rural 4. Bururi 5. Cankuzo 6. Cibitoke 7. Gitega 8. Kanuzi 9. Kayanza 10. Kirundo 11. Makamba 12. Muramvya 13. Muyinga 14. Mwaro 15. Ngozi 16. Rutana 17. Ruyigi 18. All the above 19 None of the above 20. Some of the above         9.    What is the political structure of Burundi?          1 0. Which Religion do most of the people of the Burundi adhere to and what percentage of the population practices it? a.     African Traditional Religions?_______% b. Christianity--Which Brand of Christianity?_________% 1. Roman Catholic__________% 2. Protestant___________% 3. Eastern Orthodox________% c. Islam d. Hinduism e. Buddhism f. Judaism

_____________________________________________________________________

    

______________________________________________________________________


SOURCES:

Courtesy of Nationalanthems.info

“Canada » nationalanthems.info.” Accessed August 5, 2013) .          http://www.nationalanthems.info/ca.htm.

   Google

Wikipedia

Complete National-Anthems-World-Edition-2013
Slovak State Philharmonic Orchestra Kosice
Slovak Radio Symphony Orchestra

          National anthems of the world Nationalhymnen der Welt. Free download

  The World Atlas

____________________________________________
Listen to the   
National Anthems of All 

             African Countries

Every day a different African country's national     Anthem will play the entire day on this page.   This gives us an opportunity to listen to all the
National Anthems of each country in Africa.   There are 53 countries in Africa.  Some have
said that Liberia has one of the best Anthems
in the world.  Now we can listen to all the 
National Anthems of Africa and compare ours
with theirs.

The other reason for this exercise
is to provide our people the opportunity to
listen to, and to learn about other African
countries, see their flags, hear their National
Anthems, and enjoy the very beautiful music
we call, a country's National Anthem. Much
of our information comes from Nationalanthem.info. 

  
Please take note of the dates each

country's Anthem is played.  We begin with
South Africa on the 5th of August and end with
São Tomé and Principe on September 24, 2013.
 
If you want to know more about any of the
African countries, just click on the name of 
the particular country below on the left in blue among the list of 53 countries and you will have the information right there at your finger tip.

__________________________________________


One interesting factor about the listing of the 
African countries in the order in which they are
listed.  They are listed with the country with the
highest per capital income above and the lowest
per capital income at the bottom of the list. Liberia
is 6 up from the bottom.   Total number of countries
is 53.

_


















__________________________________________





Lyrics:  Jean-Baptiste Ntahokaja and others
(a group of writers).

Music:   Marc barengayabo

Adopted: 1962

Name of Anthem:  Our Burundi







Kirundi Lyrics

[edit source | editbeta]

Burundi bwacu, Burundi buhire,
Shinga icumu mu mashinga,
Gaba intahe y'ubugabo ku bugingo.
Warapfunywe ntiwapfuye,
Warahabishijwe ntiwahababuka,
Uhagurukana, uhagurukana, uhagurukana, ubugabo urikukira.
Komerwamashi n'amakungu,
Habwa impundu nabawe,
Isamirane mu mashinga, isamirane mu mashinga,

Burundi bwacu, ragi ry'abasokuru,
Ramutswa intahe n'ibihugu,
Ufatanije ishaka n'ubuhizi;
Vuza impundu wiganzuye uwakuganza uwakuganza.

Burundi bwacu, nkoramutima kuri twese,
Tugutuye amaboko, umutima n'ubuzima,
Imana yakuduhaye ikudutungire.
Horana ubumwe n'abagabo n'itekane.
Sagwa n'urweze, sagwa n'amahoro meza.



Kirŭndi Lyrics (with tonal diacritics)(utwâtuzo
[edit source | editbeta]

Burŭndi Bwâcu, Burŭndi buhĭre,
Shīnga icúmu mu mashīnga,
Gaba intăhe y'úbugabo ku bugīngo.
Warápfunywe ntiwapfûye,
Waráhabīshijwe ntiwahababuka,
Uhagurukana, uhagurukana, uhagurukana, ubugabo urîkukira.
Komerwa amáshi n'ámakūngu,
Hābwa impŭndu n'âbâwe,
Isāmírane mu mashīnga, isāmírane mu mashīnga.

Burŭndi bwâcu, rági ry'ábasôkúru,
Ramutswa intăhe n'íbihúgu,
Ufatánije ishaka n'ubúhizi;
Vuza impŭndu wĭgānzūye uwakúgānza uwakúgānza.

Burŭndi bwâcu, nkóramútima kurí twëse,
Tugutūye amabóko, umutima n'úbuzima,
Imâna yakúduhāye ikudútūngire.
Horana ubúmwe n'ábagabo n'ítĕkāne.
Sāgwa n'úrwĕze, sāgwa n'ámahóro mēzá.


French Lyrics
[edit source | editbeta]

Cher Burundi, ô doux pays,
Prends place dans le Concert des nations.
En tout bien, tout honneur, accédé à l'indépendance.
Mutilé et meutri, tu es demeuré maître de toi-même.
L'heure venue, t'es levé
Et fièrement tu t'es hissé au rang des peuples libres.
Reçois donc le compliment des nations,
Agrée l'hommage de tes enfants.
Qu'à travers l'u
nivers retentisse ton nom.

Cher Burundi, héritage sacré de nos aïeux,
Reconnu digne de te gouverner
Au courage tu allies le sentiment de l'honneur.
Chante la gloire de ta liberté reconquise.

Cher Burundi, digne objet de notre plus tendre armour,
A ton noble service nous vouons nos bras, nos cœurs et nos vies.
Veuille Dieu, qui nous a fait don de toi, te conserver à notre vénération.
Sous l'egide de l'Unité,
Dans la paix, la joi
e et la prospérité.





English Translation

[edit source | editbeta]

Our Burundi, gentle country,
Take your place in the concert of nations,
Acceding to independence with honourable intentions.
Wounded and bruised, you have remained master of yourself.

When the hour came, you arose,
Lifting yourself proudly into the ranks of free peoples.
Receive, then, the congratulations of the nations
And the homage of your sons and daughters.
May your name ring out through the universe.

Our Burundi, sacred heritage from our forefathers,
Recognized as worthy of self-government,
With your courage you also have a sense of honour.
Sing the glory of liberty conquered again.

Our Burundi, worthy of our tenderest love,
We vow to your noble service our hands and hearts and lives.
May God, who gave you to us, keep you for us to venerate,
Under the shield of unity,
In peace, joy and prosperity.








_______________________________________ SOURCES:
Courtesy of Nationalanthems.info

“Canada » nationalanthems.info.” Accessed August 5, 2013) .  http://www.nationalanthems.info/ca.htm. Google

Wikipedia Complete National-Anthems-World-Edition-2013 Slovak State Philharmonic Orchestra Kosice
Slovak Radio Symphony Orchestra  National anthems of the world Nationalhymnen der Welt. Free download
The World Atlas

____________________________________________


Africa

Country

World

 tt

Africa

 

1

 South Africa---                                                       August  5

 

2

 Nigeria                                                                   August  6

 

3

 Egypt                                                                    August  7

 

4

 Algeria                                                                  August  8

 

5

 Angola                                                                   August  9

 

6

 Morocco                                                                 August  10

 

7

 Sudan                                                                    August  11

 

8

 Tunisia                                                                   August  12

 

9

 Ghana                                                                  August  13

 

10

 Libya                                                                    August  14

 

11

 Kenya                                                            
      August  15

 

12

 Ethiopia                                                         
      August  16

 

13

 Cameroon                                                     
      August  17

 

14

       Ivory Coast                                                        
        August  18

 

15

 Tanzania                                                                 August  19

 

16

 Equatorial Guinea                                                  August  20

 

17

 Zambia                                                         
      August  21

 

18

 Botswana                                                     
      August  22

 

19

 Uganda                                                        
      August  23

 

20

 Gabon                                                           
      August  24

 

21

 Democratic Republic of the Congo                          August  25

 

22

 Republic of the Congo                                            August  26

 

23

 Senegal                                                                August  27

 

24

 Mozambique                                                          August  28

 

25

 Namibia                                                                August  29

 

26

 Mauritius                                                     
      August  30

 

27

 Mali                                                             
      August  31

 

28

 Madagascar                                          
       September   1

 

29

 Burkina Faso                                       
      September   1

 

30

 Chad                                                    
      September   2

 

31

 Zimbabwe                                            
      September   3

 

32

 Benin                                                   
      September   4

 

33

 Rwanda                                               
      September   5

 

34

 Niger                                                     
      September   6

 

35

 Malawi                                                 
      September   7

 

36

 Guinea                                                                    September   8

 

37

 Mauritania                                          
      September   9

 

38

 Swaziland                                          
       September   10

 

39

 Togo                                                  
       September   11

 

40

 Eritrea                                                
      September   12

 

41

 Lesotho                                                                  September   13

 

42

 Burundi                                              
      September   14

 

43

 Sierra Leone                                     
      September   15

 

44

 Central African Republic                                        September   16

 

45

 Cape Verde                                       
       September   17

 

46

 Djibouti                                                                   September   18

 

47

 Liberia                                               
      September   19

 

48

 Seychelles                                         
      September   20

 

49

 The Gambia                                      
      September   21

 

50

 Guinea-Bissau                                  
      September   22

 

51

 Comoros                                          
      September   23

 

52

 São Tomé and Príncipe                                          September   24

 




 
 
 
 
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