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Central African Republic



The name of the Anthem: "Oh Central Africa Republic"



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Per capita income  Central African Republic 1960 (The year the anthem was adopted) The Location of Central African Republic on the Map of Africa

 To learn more about this country click here:
Central African Republic

Quiz from your reading

                          
1. This French colony of Ubangi-Shari declared its independence on December 1, 1958 and renamed itself Central Africa Republic. This country has not been at rest since. There are too many unanswered questions looming over the head of this country. It all started at the eve of their independence. We are told that the founding father and president of this country, Barthélémy Boganda died a mysterious death in a mysterious plane accident in 1959, just 8 days before the last elections of the colonial era. David Dacko and Abel Goumba went at it for some time--struggling for power after the death of Boganda. David Dacko had the upper hand and came to power but in 1965 he was overthrown in a military coup by Jean-Bédel Bokassa who suspended the constitution and declared himself president for life and Emperor Bokassa I. of the Empire of Central Africa. After killing over 100 elementary school students, France carried out a coup in which David Dacko was restored to power. In 1981, General André Kolingba carried out a coup that took David Dacko out of power. This political and military musical chair continued for a long time-- In spite of the mounting social, political, economic, educational, health and other problems African countries are encountering, most African countries are bent on corruption, and the struggle for power. ______________________ My question is, do you think Africans will one day come to their senses and realize that they are destroying their own nations with these continuous power struggles and exploitation of their own people and country? To choose one of two evils, what would you prefer--COLONIALISM OR NEO-COLONIALISM? Which is the better of the two evils? ______________________ 2. By the 19th century, during the Scramble for Africa movement, the French colonized the Sangho people of CAR. However, While Belgium and the United Kingdom were also competing to own the region, the French, under the leadership of Count Savprgman de Brazza who took ownership of the Congo, where the capital city carries his name, Brazzaville, tried to expand French's hold also on the region of the area in the Ubangi River from Brazzaville. De Brazza, in 1890, sent his men to Sangha River where we now call CAR and established his colony. This scramble over Africa was now expanding all over West and Central Africa. The Belgiums have taken their share of the Congo, and the Germans have taken their share of the Cameroon, now the French must take their share of the Ubangi River along the Borders of the countries aready taken by these other colonial powers. That is how Ubangi, now CAR was taken by the French. ___________________ My question is, how do you compare the ways in which these colonial powers treated their subjects. What were their major concerns? Compare the French, Germans, Belgiums and British methods of how they ruled their territories. Which European colonial power wanted basically to train civil servants, which ones were working hard to assimilate the colonial people to their own cultures, languages, and ways of life and make them belong to their Commonwealth, and which ones wanted only to exploit the resources from the colony? After independence, there were almost, always a greed for power and the desire of African leaders to take hold on power and remain in power until they die or be removed by force? Why was that the case and why is it continuing even to this present day? ___________________ 3. Central African Republic is sometimes referred to as Sango French because the languages spoken there as their two official languages are Sangho (Ngbandi-creole) and French. This is a country that is landlocked like the many we have studied in this course. It is located in the center of Africa and surrounded by Chad, Sudan, South Sudan, Democratic Republic of the Congo, and Cameroon. It occupies 240,000 square miles. The French referred to it as Oubangui-Chari because "most of the territory was located in the Ubangi and Chari river basins." According to its history, from 1000 BC to 1000 AD, the Ubangian-speaking people who came from the cameroon, spread and settled in Sudan and in the place now referred to as CAR. As we have witnessed in our study, as also in this case, the Bantu migration also extended to this territory about the same time that the Ubangian-speaning people were moving in. By the 19th century, the Abrahamic religions (Christianity, Islam and Judaism) did not have much contact with them. Nevertheless, the Arabs , or Muslim traders penetrated the region and started trading with them. The Arabs established some relationship with the local leaders, and settleld in the region. As is always the case, the Muslim settlers came as peaceful people and got good support and welcome from the indigenous people. But after 1850, the Arabs slave trade began to disrupt the peaceful relationship. The Main slave routes in Africa during the Middle Ages (Source: Wikipedia) The countries that were involved in this Arab slave trade included Western Asia, North Africa, East Africa, Europe (Iberia and Sicily). The slave market of the Middle East, the Horn of Africa and North Africa were the focus of this slave trade. At this period in history, the Arab leaders dominated the social, political, economic, religious and commercial areanas. Unlike the American and European slave trade that was focused on Africa along, the Arab slave venture did not focus on one continent or one group, color, or race of people. As pointed out, in the 8th and 9th centuries under the Fatimid Caliphate, "Most of the slaves were Europeans (called Saqaliba) captured along European coasts and during war." (Wikipedia). However, on the African scene, by the 18th and 19th centuries, most of the Arab slaves were captured from East Africa as wells as the Berbers from North Africa. It is estimated that between 10 and 18 million Africans were enslaved by Arab slave traders and taken across the Red Sea, Indian Ocean, and and Sahara desert between 650 and 1900. Of course, it must be noted that the Arabs also enslaved Europeans during the Ottoman Empire. _______________________ My question is, what was the difference between the Arab slave Trade and the European slave trade? Did the Arab slave traders and the European-American slave traders have the same agenda? What were the differences in how the slaves were treated by the Arabs and how the Americans and Europeans treat their slaves? How much dealings did CAR have with the Arab slave trade? _____________ 4. In CAR, there are two official languages: Sangho and French. In addition to these two languages, there are over 120 other languages spoken in the country. Even though French is the language of writing and formal situation, Sangho is said to be spoken by over 92% of the population of CAR. It became an official language of CAR in 1991. Children born in the capital city, Bangui, all speak Sangho and consider it as their mother tongue. Other languages, just to name a few, are: Bantu languages, Bongo-Bagimi languages, Luo, Runga, and American Sign Language which was introduced by Andrew Jackson Foster, a deaf Black-American missionary, a graduate of Gallaudet College with a bachelor's degree and a master's degree from Seattle Pacific Christian College. He was the founder of Christian Mission for the Deaf African in 1956. He worked in Liberia, set up deaf schools in Ghana, Senegal and carried his mission to CAR. ______________________ My question is, Even though Foster established over 30 schools for the deaf all over Africa from Senegal to Kenya, and in some cases, as in Ghana, his schools were filled to capacity that he had to have a waiting list of over 300 families, how much impact did Foster make in Ghana, Liberia and in CAR? What did the Africans think of him? Would you consider this as part of the National Development issues? What were some of Foster's goals and how successful was he in accomplishing his goals? In addition to the language issues, what were some of the things he taught the African children? Why was he referred to as the "Moses for the Black deaf?" How many schools for the deaf do we have in Liberia? Is there a need for such schools in Liberia? What is the Liberian Government doing about it? How much or what percent of the Liberian government is allocated for this kind of education? How about Ghana, Senegal, and CAR? How much do they allocate for this particular education? ____________________ 5 What is the capital city of Central African Republic and which of the 14 Administrative Prefectures is the capital city in? Can you name it? 1. Bemingui-Bangoran 2. Basse-Kotto 3. Haute-Kotto 4. Haut-Mbomou 5. Kémo 6. Lobaye 7. Mambéré-Kadéï 8. Mbomou 9. Nana-Mambéré 10. Ombella-M'Poko 11. Ouaka 12. Ouham 13. Ouham-Pendé 14. Vakaga 6. What  year was the Central African Republic National Anthem adopted? 
And what is the Name of the National Anthem?  Who composed it?
Lyrics by_________________________Music by_______________________
Since when did they start using the Anthem?  19____?  
Adoption     
a. 1965     
b. 1966     
c. 1960     
d. 1993     
e.  2005     
f. None of the Above
g.    The Name of the National Anthem___________________________
__________________________________________________________

7. What was Central African Republic's GDP (Gross Domestic Product) for 2012?

8. These are the ethnic groups in Central African Republic. How many of these groups also belong to neighboring countries?         Here are the major ethnic groups of Central African Republic. The less major ones are not listed. 1. Baya 2. Banda 3. Mandja 4. Sara 5. M'boum 6. Yakoma ____________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________ 9.    What is the political structure of Central African Republic? Since the independence of Central African Republic, it has had how many political parties?          1 0. Which Religion do most of the people of Central African Republic adhere to and what percentage of the population practices it? a.     African Traditional Religions?_______% b. Christianity--Which Brand of Christianity?_________% 1. Roman Catholic__________% 2. Protestant___________% 3. Eastern Orthodox________% c. Islam______________% d. Hinduism__________% e. Buddhism__________% f. Judaism____________%

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Lyrics[edit source | editbeta]

French lyrics Sango lyrics English translation
Ô Centrafrique, ô berceau des Bantous !
Reprends ton droit au respect, à la vie !
Longtemps soumis, longtemps brimé par tous,
Mais de ce jour brisant la tyrannie.
Dans le travail, l'ordre et la dignité,
Tu reconquiers ton droit, ton unité,
Et pour franchir cette étape nouvelle,
De nos ancêtres la voix nous appelle.
Chorus:
Au travail dans l'ordre et la dignité,
Dans le respect du droit dans l'unité,
Brisant la misère et la tyrannie,
Brandissant l'étendard de la Patrie.
Bêafrîka, mbeso tî âBantu
Kîri mo gbû gîgî tî mo-mvenî
Mo bâa pâsi na gbe tî âzo kûê
Me fadësô, mo ke na kürü gô
Mo sö benda, mo bûngbi kûê ôko
Na kusâra ngâ na nëngö-terê
Tî tö ndâ tî finî dutï tî ë sô
E mä gbegô tî_âkötarä tî ë
Chorus:
E gbû kua nzönî na nëngö-terê
E kpë ndiä nzönî na mängö-terê
E kinda wasïöbê, ë tomba pâsi
E yâa bandêra tî ködrö tî ë!
Oh! Central Africa, cradle of the Bantu!
Take up again your right to respect, to life!
Long subjugated, long scorned by all,
But, from today, breaking tyranny's hold.
Through work, order and dignity
You reconquer your rights, your unity,
And to take this new step
The voice of our ancestors call us.
Chorus:
To work! In order and dignity,
In the respect for rights and in unity,
Breaking poverty and tyranny,
Holding high the flag of the Fatherland.











________________________________________ SOURCES:
Courtesy of Nationalanthems.info

“Canada » nationalanthems.info.” Accessed August 5, 2013) .  http://www.nationalanthems.info/ca.htm. Google

Wikipedia Complete National-Anthems-World-Edition-2013 Slovak State Philharmonic Orchestra Kosice
Slovak Radio Symphony Orchestra  National anthems of the world Nationalhymnen der Welt. Free download
The World Atlas

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