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Djibouti



The name of the Anthem: "Arise with Strength"





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To stop music click on the square in the black area where the arrow is pointed.
The music will stop and you will enjoy your reading. When you are done and
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Per capita income  Djibouti 1977 (The year the anthem was adopted)  
To learn more about this country click here:

                           Djibouti

Quiz from your reading





  1.  Djibouti's present location is considered to be the land
ancient Egyptians called Punt (or God's land). The
Egyptians and the people of Punt had a very close
relationship.  In ancient history, this was the time of Pharaoh
  Sahure and Queen Hatshepsut. King Parahu and Queen
Ati ruled Punt at that time.  By about 1285, Christianity and Islam
have penetrated the Horn of Africa and Emperor Yekuno Amlak
attempted to unite the Christian territories.  As you probably know,
Christianity entered during the 1st century of the Christian era
by John Mark through Egypt.  It probably reached Ethiopia by
the 4th century.  There are several threories about how 
Christianity penetrated the highlands of Northeast Africa along
the Horn of Africa.  Islam was brought to Africa in the 7th
century and settled within the maghrib.  The Berbers along
with the Arabs helped to spread Islam along the East coast. 

Nevertheless, Somali and Afar Sultans ruled the Gulf of
Tadjoura around 1883 and 1887. This was the period that
France signed various treaties with the local rulers in the area
to take the region.  In 1894, French administration in the city of
Djibouti was established by Léonce Lagarde who named the area
French Somaliland.  By 1967, the name was changed to  
Territoire Français des Afars et des lssas
which means "French
Territory of the Afars and the Issas."  By 1958 Somalia, declared
its independence.   Djibouti also wanted to join Somalia to declare
joint independence, but a referendum was held and the people 
decided to remain with France a little while and declare their own
independence at another date.  At three different times, plebiscites
were presented to the people if they wanted to stay with France or declare independence, and finally, in 1977  98.8% of the people 
decided that enough was enough, they wanted an independent
country.  Hassan Gouled Aptidon, a Somali politician won the
vote and he became the first President of Djibout from 1977 to 1999.

My question is, what if Somali and Djibouti had declared a union
in 1958 and 1960 to be one country called Somali, what would have
been the result?  Can you list the international organizations 
Djibouti is a member of?

     

2. There was a time when Djibouti went to war with Eritrea over the Ras Doumeira penisula that both countries were claiming ownership and sovereignty. Who won the conflict or how was the conflict settled? 3. We are told that Djibouti is a semi-presidential Republic, with executive power resting in the central government, and legislative power in both the government and the Djiboutian National Assembly. What does this mean? What is a semi-presidential republic? What is a plebiscite? What is a referendum? 4. Education is a priority for the Djiboutian government. Initially, the Djiboutian educational system was not designed to meet the needs of all the citizens. It was an elitist form of education. But in 1990, the government did a reassessment of its educational programs and put a new plan in place. Certain goals and objectives were laid out with the timeline between 2000 to 2010 to revamp the system. The academic system was restructured and and made compulsory. Primary education, secondary/vocational education and university education were all overhauled and made relevant and contextual to meet the demands of the Djiboutian society. The government allocates significant amount of of its national budget to education. My questions are: What are the contents of the Djiboutian education? What are some of the major issues and priorities the Djiboutian education is intended to address? How are they now being addressed? After 10 years, what have been achieved and what needs to be addressed? 5. Djibouti is divided into 5 regions and one city. Which ones are the regions and which one is the city? a. Ali Sabieh b. Arta c. Djibouti d. Obock e. Tadjourah f. Dikhil PLEASE SEE THE MAP ABOVE 6. What  year was the Djibouti National Anthem adopted? 
And what is the Name of the National Anthem?  Who composed it?
Lyrics by_________________________Music by_______________________
Since when did they start using the Anthem?  19____?  
Adoption     
a. 1967     
b. 1987     
c. 1957     
d. 1977     
e.  2007     
f. None of the Above
g.    The Name of the National Anthem___________________________
__________________________________________________________

7. What was Djibouti's GDP (Gross Domestic Product) for 2012?

8. These are two large ethnic communities in Djibouti. There are the Somali (60%) and the Afar (35%). In addition to these, you have the Arabs, some Europeans consisting of French and Italians. Djibout is a multilingual country. The people speak many languages but the majority of people (297,000) speak Somali and 99,200 people speak Afar. These are the languages of the Afar and the Somali people. Afar and Somali are Afro-Asiatic languages and the two official languages are Arabic and French. Immigrant languages are said to include the following: Omani Arabic, Amharic, Greek and Hindi. My question is, which of these languages is the primary language of instruction that students use in school? 1. Amharic 2. Greek 3. Aarabic 4. Somali 5. Ta'izzi-Adeni Arabic 6. Hindi 7. French 8. All the above 9. None of the Above       ____________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________ 9.    What is the political structure of Djibouti? Since the independence of Djibouti it has had how many political parties? 10. It is reported that 93.1 percent of Djibouti women and girls go through what we in Liberia refer to as Sande initiation--that is, clitoridectomy, or female circumcision. This tradition is also prevalent in Liberia within indigenous communities. Male circumcision is also practiced widely. My questions are: should clitoridectomy be discontinued in Djibouti and elsewhere the practice is carried out? 1, Yes___________Explain why yes. 2. No____________Explain why no. Why do people practice clitoridectomy? What are the advantages and and disadvantages? I know this is a time-honored tradition in rural Liberia. It has been practiced for centuries. Is it still relevant in our time?          1 1. Most of the people in Djibouti, about 94% of the people are Muslim. About 6% of the population are Christians. In fact, Islam is declared by the constitution to be the state religion. While Islam is the state religion, it is also declared that all citizens are equal and free to practice any religion. Muslims Djiboutians have the right to convert to or marry someone of any faith, however, converts are said to have difficulties and they encounter negative reactions from their society, family and or clan for marrying into non-Muslim family. Can you explain why this situation is as it is? Is this true equality? Is this true freedom of religious practice? Explain you answer.

_____________________________________________________________________


Somali lyrics English translation French translation Arabic translation
Hinjinne u sara kaca

Calankaan harraad iyo

Haydaar u mudateen.

Hir cagaarku qariyayiyo

Habkay samadu tahayoo

Xiddig dhi igleh hoorshoo

Caddaan lagu hadheeyaay.

Maxaa haybad kugu yaal.

Arise with strength! For we have raised our flag,

The flag which has cost us dear

With extremes of thirst and pain.

Our flag, whose colours are the everlasting green of the earth,

The blue of the sky, and white, the colour of peace;

And in the centre the red star of blood.

Oh flag of ours, what a glorious sight!

Lève-toi avec force! Parce que nous avons hissé notre drapeau,

Le drapeau qui nous a coûté cher

Avec une soif et une douleur extrêmes.

Notre drapeau, dont les couleurs sont le vert éternel de la terre,

Le bleu du ciel et le blanc, la couleur de la paix;

Et dans le centre de l'étoile rouge de sang.

Oh notre drapeau, quel spectacle magnifique!

تنشأ مع قوة! لقد أثرنا لعلمنا،

العلم الذي يكلفنا العزيز

مع النقيضين من العطش والألم.

لدينا علم، التي هي الألوان الخضراء الأبدية من الأرض،

زرقة السماء ، والأبيض، لون السلام؛

وفي وسط النجمة الحمراء من الدم.

يا علم لنا، ما له من منظر رائع!


_______________________________________ SOURCES:
Courtesy of Nationalanthems.info

“Canada » nationalanthems.info.” Accessed August 5, 2013) .  http://www.nationalanthems.info/ca.htm. Google

Wikipedia Complete National-Anthems-World-Edition-2013 Slovak State Philharmonic Orchestra Kosice
Slovak Radio Symphony Orchestra  National anthems of the world Nationalhymnen der Welt. Free download
The World Atlas



 
 
 
 
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