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Per capita income 
         The name of the Anthem: "Eritrea, Eritrea, Eritrea, her sacrifices rewarded by Freedom" Eritrea 1993 (The year the anthem was adopted)

To learn more about this country click here: Eritrea         


1.   It is no accident that a red color is placed at the very center of the Eritrearn flag. The word Eritrea is an Italian form of a Greek name (Erythraia) which stands for "red"[land]". Countries that form borders with Eritrea are, Sudan, Ethiopia and Djibouti. The northeastern part of the country is opened to a coast line along the red Sea that runs directly across Saudi Arabia and Yemen. Eritrea's history reveals that it once was a part of a larger community that included the Medri Bahri Kingdom, the Hamasien Republic and the Ethiopian empire as well as the Ottoman Empire. This consortium of states eventually led to the formation of Italian Eritrea. Eritrea, in 1947 became a part of a federation with Ethiopia called, Federation of Ethiopia and Eritrea. Eventually, Eritrea was annexed by Ethiopia. Meaning, Eritrea became a part of Ethiopia. After many years of this federation, Eritrea decided to break away and become an independent state. That brought about the the Eritrean War of Independence. Finally, the war ended and Eritrea became an independent state in 1991. This is why some of the same languages spoken in Eritrea are also spoken in Ethiopia. In 1941 Eritrea was no longer Italian Eritrea, and the United Kingdom mandate ended in 1951. Eritrea is a member the African Union, the United Nations and IGAD (Intergovermental Authority on Development). This is an eight-country trading bloc based in Eastern Africa. Participating members are the governments from the Horn of Africa, Nile Valley and African Great Lakes. The headquarters are located in Djibouti. All the countries that make up IGAD are the following: 1. Djibouti, 2. Eritrea, 3. Ethiopia, 4. Somalia, 5. Sudan, 6. South Sudan, 7. Kenya and 8. Uganda. Eritrea is also an observer in the Arab League. Now here is the question. Why did Eritrea opt to break away from Ethiopia? What were the reasons for not wanting to remain a part of Ethiopia? Is Eritrea better off now than when it was a part of Ethiopia? Was the war necessary? Why or why not?
2. Eritrea's constitution was adopted in 1997.  According to the
constitution, Eritrea shall be a "presidential republic with a unicameral parliamentary democracy". What does this mean? Is this constitutional stipulation being implimented or not?

   3. Is Eritrea a single-party state or a bi-or multiparty state?  There was
a border dispute with Ethiopia in 1998 that led to a two-year war
with Ethiopia.  It is estimated that  over 100,000 soldiers were
killed on both sides (Ethiopia and Eritrea).  Who won the war and
how was the border dispute settled?

4. Eritrea has no official language. The constitution allows all the
languages to have equality.  Nevertheless, Tigrinya and Arabic are
spoken and used widely throughout the country. Italian and English
are also used widely. The Semitic languages in Eritrea are Tigre,
Tigrinya, the newly recognized Dahlik and Arabic.  Some of the
Afro-Asiatic languages belonging to the Cushitic branch are also widely spoken in the country. Some of them incude Afar, Beja, Blin and Saho.
Other languages include, Nilo-Saharan languages (Kunama and Nara).
These are also considered mother tongue.  Of all these languages, which 
ones are used as working language, and are also used in secondary and university education? Can you name those languages?

5 There are several major large cities in Eritrea.  One of these is the
Capital City, which one is it and what Region is it in?  What is the
estimated population of the Capital City of Eritrea?___________________

a. Asmara
b. Keren
c. Teseney
d. Mendefera
e. Dekemhare
f. Assab
g. Agordat
h. Massawa
i. Adi Quala
j. Senafe

6. What  year was the Eritrea National Anthem adopted? And what is
the Name of the National Anthem?  Who composed it?  

a. 1965     
b. 1968     
c. 1960     
d. 1993     
e.  2005     
f. None of the Above
g.    The Name of the National Anthem________________________

7. What was Eritrea's GDP (Gross Domestic Product) for 2012?

8. For administrative purposes, Eritrea is divided into 6 regions. a. Maekel b. Anseba c. Gash-Barka d. Debub e. Northern Red Sea f. Southern Red Sea g. All the above h None of the above i. Some of the above         9.    What is the political structure of this country, Eritrea?          1 0. Which Religion do most of the people of Eritrea adhere to and what percentage of the population practices it? a.     African Traditional Religions? b. Christianity--Which Brand of Christianity? 1. Roman Catholic 2. Protestant 3. Eastern Orthodox c. Islam d. Hinduism e. Buddhism f. Judaism



Courtesy of

“Canada »” Accessed August 5, 2013) .



Complete National-Anthems-World-Edition-2013
Slovak State Philharmonic Orchestra Kosice
Slovak Radio Symphony Orchestra

          National anthems of the world Nationalhymnen der Welt. Free download

  The World Atlas

Listen to the   
National Anthems of All 

             African Countries

Every day a different African country's national     Anthem will play the entire day on this page.   This gives us an opportunity to listen to all the
National Anthems of each country in Africa.   There are 53 countries in Africa.  Some have
said that Liberia has one of the best Anthems
in the world.  Now we can listen to all the 
National Anthems of Africa and compare ours
with theirs.

The other reason for this exercise
is to provide our people the opportunity to
listen to, and to learn about other African
countries, see their flags, hear their National
Anthems, and enjoy the very beautiful music
we call, a country's National Anthem. Much
of our information comes from 

Please take note of the dates each

country's Anthem is played.  We begin with
South Africa on the 5th of August and end with
São Tomé and Principe on September 24, 2013.
If you want to know more about any of the
African countries, just click on the name of 
the particular country below on the left in blue among the list of 53 countries and you will have the information right there at your finger tip.


One interesting factor about the listing of the 
African countries in the order in which they are
listed.  They are listed with the country with the
highest per capital income above and the lowest
per capital income at the bottom of the list. Liberia
is 6 up from the bottom.   Total number of countries
is 53.


Tigrinya with Romanization[edit source | editbeta]

Tigrinya language Romanization

ኤርትራ ኤርትራ ኤርትራ፡
በዓል ደማ እናልቀሰ ተደምሲሱ፡
መስዋእታ ብሓርነት ተደቢሱ።

መዋእል ነኺሳ ኣብ ዕላማ፡
ትእምርቲ ጽንዓት ኰይኑ ስማ፡
ኤርትራ'ዛ ሓበን ዉጹዓት፡
ኣመስኪራ ሓቂ ክምትዕወት።

ኤርትራ ኤርትራ፡
ኣብ ዓለም ጨቢጣቶ ግቡእ ክብራ።

ናጽነት ዘምጽኦ ልዑል ኒሕ፡
ንህንጻ ንልምዓት ክንሰርሕ፡
ስልጣነ ከነልብሳ ግርማ፡
ሕድሪ'ለና ግምጃ ክንስልማ።

ኤርትራ ኤርትራ፡
ኣብ ዓለም ጨቢጣቶ ግቡእ ክብራ።

Eritrea, Eritrea, Eritrea,
Beal dema'nalkese tedemsisu,
Meswaéta bharnet tdebisu.

Mewaél nekhisa'b élame,
TémErti tsnt koynu sma,
Ertra za haben wtsuAt,
Ameskira haki kem téwet.

Eritrea, Eritrea,
Ab alem chebitato gbué kbra.

Natsänet zemtsä’ lä‘ul nihh,
N'hntsa n'lm‘at k'serihh,
S'lthane k'nelbsa grma,
Hihdri-lena gmja k'nslma.

Eritrea, Eritrea,
Ab alem chebitato gbué kbra.

Arabic translation[edit source | editbeta]

Arabic language Romanization

إريتريا ، إريتريا ، إريتريا ،
عدوها أهلك ،
والتضحيات التي بررت لها التحرير.

الصامد في هدفها ،
يرمز التحمل ،
إريتريا ، فخر شعبها المظلوم ،
ثبت أن تسود الحقيقة.

إريتريا ، إريتريا ،
يحمل مكانها الصحيح في العالم.

التفاني التي أدت إلى تحرير ،
وبناء وجعل لها الخضراء ،
وسنعمل على شرفها مع التقدم ،
لدينا كلمة لها لتجميل.

إريتريا ، إريتريا ،
يحمل مكانها الصحيح في العالم.

ʼRytryā ، ʼRytryā ، ʼRytryā ،
ʻDwhā ʼHlk ،
Wāltḑḩyāt at-Ty Brrt Lhā at-Tḩryr.

aş-Şāmd Fy Hdfhā ،
Yrmz at-Tḩml ،
ʼRytryā ، Fkhr Shʻbhā al-Mz̧lwm ،
Thbt ʼN Tswd al-Ḩqyqh.

ʼRytryā ، ʼRytryā ،
Yḩml Mkānhā aş-Şḩyḩ Fy al-ʻĀlm.

at-Tfāny at-Ty ʼDt ʼLá Tḩryr ،
Wbnāʼ Wjʻl Lhā al-Khḑrāʼ ،
Wsnʻml ʻLá Shrfhā Mʻ at-Tqdm ،
Ldynā Klmh Lhā Ltjmyl.

ʼRytryā ، ʼRytryā ،
Yḩml Mkānhā aş-Şḩyḩ Fy al-ʻĀlm.

English translation
[edit source | editbeta]

Eritrea, Eritrea, Eritrea,
Her arch-enemy destroyed wailingly,
her sacrifices vindicated by freedom.

She holds firmly her goal,
her name has come to mean perseverance and steadfastness,
Eritrea, the pride of the oppressed people,
is a testament that truth prevails.

Eritrea, Eritrea,
has taken her rightful place in the world.

The supreme dedication that brought her liberation,
will serve to rebuild her and make her green,
We shall honour her with progress,
It is our legacy to embellish her.

Eritrea, Eritrea,
has taken her rightful place in the world.

Courtesy of

“Canada »” Accessed August 5, 2013) . Google

Wikipedia Complete National-Anthems-World-Edition-2013 Slovak State Philharmonic Orchestra Kosice
Slovak Radio Symphony Orchestra  National anthems of the world Nationalhymnen der Welt. Free download
The World Atlas









 South Africa---                                                       August  5



 Nigeria                                                                   August  6



 Egypt                                                                    August  7



 Algeria                                                                  August  8



 Angola                                                                   August  9



 Morocco                                                                 August  10



 Sudan                                                                    August  11



 Tunisia                                                                   August  12



 Ghana                                                                  August  13



 Libya                                                                    August  14



      August  15



      August  16



      August  17



       Ivory Coast                                                        
        August  18



 Tanzania                                                                 August  19



 Equatorial Guinea                                                  August  20



      August  21



      August  22



      August  23



      August  24



 Democratic Republic of the Congo                          August  25



 Republic of the Congo                                            August  26



 Senegal                                                                August  27



 Mozambique                                                          August  28



 Namibia                                                                August  29



      August  30



      August  31



       September   1



 Burkina Faso                                       
      September   1



      September   2



      September   3



      September   4



      September   5



      September   6



      September   7



 Guinea                                                                    September   8



      September   9



       September   10



       September   11



      September   12



 Lesotho                                                                  September   13



      September   14



 Sierra Leone                                     
      September   15



 Central African Republic                                        September   16



 Cape Verde                                       
       September   17



 Djibouti                                                                   September   18



      September   19



      September   20



 The Gambia                                      
      September   21



      September   22



      September   23



 São Tomé and Príncipe                                          September   24


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