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Per capita income 
         The name of the Anthem: "Lesotho, Land of our Forefathers, you are the most beautiful country" Lesotho 1966 (The year the anthem was adopted)

To learn more about this country click here: Lesotho  

A Brief History of Lesotho

1.   Lesotho is a Kingdom located within South Africa. It is an enclave, completely surrounded by one country, South Africa. It is landlacked and has no outlet to any sea, ocean or a major body of water as Eritrea has an outlet to the Red Sea. This is a very small and poor country. About 40% of its people live below the international poverty line of $1.25 US per day. History reveals that the earliest inhabitnts of this area were the Khoisan hunter-gatherers. During the Bantu migrations we have learned about, that swept most of the regions we have studied, also affected this area. The Khoisans were driven out by the Wasja-speaking people, who themselves were later driven out by the Sotho-Tswana people between the 3rd and the 11th centuries. Under King Moshoeshoe in 1822, the area was conquered and the place was named Basutoland. Moshoeshoe was the son of Mokhachane. King Moshoeshoe had very many followers and brave warriors who followed him and later made the Butha-Buthe mountain their home. Between 1821 and 1823 he joined his enemies to resist the Lifaqane who were connected with Shaka Zulu. This was a tumultuous time in the region. There was also a conflict going on between the Dutch settlers whose farmers were later known as the Boers and their descendents known as the Afrikaans and the British who were driving the Dutch away from South Africa. The conflict lasted for years. King Moshoeshoe and his people were affected by the British - Dutch conflict. Moshoeshoe I ceased the opportunity to invite missionaries to come to his land and help develop his country. The missionaries developed orthography and printed work in the Sotho language between 1837-1855. To make long story short, Basutoland declared its independence from the British in 1966 and renamed the country the Kingdom of Lesotho. Shortly after independence, the country embroiled in a civil war which did not last long. The BNP party lasted from 1966 to 1970 when a de facto government led by Dr. Leabua Jonathan was installed which lasted to 1986; when it was overthrown by a military coup. The Transitional military Council granted executive powers to King Moshoeshoe II. The executive power was basically ceremonial but he later wanted to change the constitution to gain more power, but he was forced into exile and his son was installed as King Letsie III. King Letsie III paved the way for his father, Moshoeshoe II to come back to power. King Letsie abdicated the throne to let his father rule. Letsie III returned to the throne after his father died at age 57 in 1995 in a car accident. Lesotho has a parliamentary or constitutional monarchy. What does that mean? There is a Prime Minister--Tom Motshoahae Thabane. He is the head of government and has executive authority. The function of the king is basically ceremonial. He does not have any executive authority and is prohibited from taking any active participation in politics. The question is, what is a Parliamentary or Constitutional Monarchy?
2.     Let us highlight at least 3 cultural elements from the Kingdom
of Lesotho. Let us look at their music, housing and attire. The
Lesotho people love music. These are their traditional musical
instruments: The herding boys use a flute-like instrument
they call lekolulo.  The men play the setolo-tolo by using their
mouths to make music. The women use a stringed instrument
called thomo. If you want to see Sesotho arts and music, it is
best to attend the yearly Morija Arts and Cultural Festival 
which is held in the historic town of Morija.  In this town, we
are told, the first missionaries arrived there in 1833.  At this
Festivel, you will see some of the wonderful Sesotho arts and
crafts of all designs.  You will see all sorts of traditional musical 

The people of Lesotho use bricks and stone for the construction
of their traditional housing they refer to as mokhoro.  The walls
are basically large stones cemented together. They bake their
mud bricks and concrete blocks for both inside and outside
wall construction.  Long ago and even today, they have used
thatch roofing, but most people are beginning to use corrugated
zinc for roofing.

As far as their clothing or attire is concern, they use a traditional
attire called Basotho blankets.  These are blankets made out of
wools and they are usually thick.  They are used by almost
everyone in the country and they use that through out every
season. They are worn differently by men and women. It is
wrapped around the shoulder and neck.

My question is, now that you have learned about their style
of housing, their attire and musical instrument, will you 
encourage them to continue to live this life-style or will you
prefer that they change their ways of living and adopt a
western life-style?  What are the pros and cons of changing
their traditional life-style to different ways of doing living?

   3. The Kingdom of Lesotho has  an ethnic-linguistic structure
that consists of only the Basotho.  These are Bantu-speaking
people. We are told that 99.7% of the people are of the
Basotho stock.  Basotho ethnicity is sub-divided into the
following sub-divisions:
a. Bakuena (Kuena)
b. Batloung (the Tlou)
c. Baphuthi (the Phuti)
d. Bafokeng, Bataug (the Tau)
e. Batšoeneng (the Tšoene)
f. Matebele, etc.
Where in our study have we seen the Matebele or Ndebele
 people? Ndebele people collective, from Sotho matebele,
singular letebele.   Where else other than Lesotho do you
find the Ndebele people?
1. Ghana
2. Algeria
3. Zimbabwe
4. Togo
5. Nigeria 
The first official language or the language for administration is
Sesotho.  English is also an official and administrative language.

    4.  One of the disturbing stories from the Kingdom of Lesotho is the fact
that the UNDP report of 2009 indicated that about 23.6% of people
in the Kingdom have HIV/AIDS.  In the urban areas, about 50% of
women under 40 have HIV. The people of the Kingdom are not
taking this matter lightly.  They see it as an important development
issue.  The Government is allocating some of its resources for it and addressing this pandemic through what they call HIV/AIDS National Strategic Plan.  My question is, what is this Strategic plan and how
does it work?

If you were working for Garry Gehyigon's organization, RICDC Team,
what would you recommend for the people of the Kingdom of Lesotho?
Can you draw up a 10-point proposal to help the King of Lesotho
with this pandemic?  How long or how many years will it take to fight
off this major developmental problem?

5 We learned that the capital of each of the ten districts bears the same
name as the district. The capitals are known as camptowns.  For example,
 the capital or camptown of the district of Quthing is called the
Camptown of Quthing.  There are several major large camptowns
in the Kingdon of Lesotho.  One of these is the Capital City of the
Kingdom of Lesotho; which one is it and what District is it in?  
What is the estimated population of the Capital City of Lesotho?  
Remember, the districts are further divided into 80 constituencies
that make up about 129 community councils.  This all done to make administration of the country easier and participatory.  In this way,
many people can share in the administration of the country at
different levels.

6. What  year was the Kingdom of Lesotho National Anthem adopted?
And what is the Name of the National Anthem?  Who composed it?
Lyrics by_________________________Music by_______________________
Since when did they start using the Anthem?  19____?  

a. 1965     
b. 1966     
c. 1960     
d. 1993     
e.  2005     
f. None of the Above
g.    The Name of the National Anthem___________________________

7. What was Lesotho's GDP (Gross Domestic Product) for 2012?

8. For administrative purposes, the Kingdom of Lesotho is divided into 10 districts. 1. Berea 2. Butha-Buthe 3. Leribe 4. Mafeteng 5. Maseru 6. Mohale's Hoek 7. Mokhotlong 8. Qacha's Nek 9. Quthing 10. Thaba-Tseka 11. All the above 12 None of the above 13. Some of the above         9.    What is the political structure of this Kingdom of Lesotho?          1 0. Which Religion do most of the people of the Kingdom of Lesotho adhere to and what percentage of the population practices it? a.     African Traditional Religions?_______% b. Christianity--Which Brand of Christianity?_________% 1. Roman Catholic__________% 2. Protestant___________% 3. Eastern Orthodox________% c. Islam d. Hinduism e. Buddhism f. Judaism



Courtesy of

“Canada »” Accessed August 5, 2013) .



Complete National-Anthems-World-Edition-2013
Slovak State Philharmonic Orchestra Kosice
Slovak Radio Symphony Orchestra

          National anthems of the world Nationalhymnen der Welt. Free download

  The World Atlas

Listen to the   
National Anthems of All 

             African Countries

Every day a different African country's national     Anthem will play the entire day on this page.   This gives us an opportunity to listen to all the
National Anthems of each country in Africa.   There are 53 countries in Africa.  Some have
said that Liberia has one of the best Anthems
in the world.  Now we can listen to all the 
National Anthems of Africa and compare ours
with theirs.

The other reason for this exercise
is to provide our people the opportunity to
listen to, and to learn about other African
countries, see their flags, hear their National
Anthems, and enjoy the very beautiful music
we call, a country's National Anthem. Much
of our information comes from 

Please take note of the dates each

country's Anthem is played.  We begin with
South Africa on the 5th of August and end with
São Tomé and Principe on September 24, 2013.
If you want to know more about any of the
African countries, just click on the name of 
the particular country below on the left in blue among the list of 53 countries and you will have the information right there at your finger tip.


One interesting factor about the listing of the 
African countries in the order in which they are
listed.  They are listed with the country with the
highest per capital income above and the lowest
per capital income at the bottom of the list. Liberia
is 6 up from the bottom.   Total number of countries
is 53.


Lyrics by Francois Coillard,
A French Missionary

Music by Ferdinand-Samuel Laur

 Adopted 1966

Sesotho lyrics

English translation
Lesōthō fatše la bontat'a rōna;
Ha ra mafatše le letle ke lona;
Ke moo re hlahileng,
ke moo re hōlileng,
Rea le rata,
Mōlimō ak'u bōlōke Lesōthō;
O felise dintwa le matshwenyeho;
Oho fatše lena;
La bontata rōna;
Le be le khotso.
Lesotho, land of our Fathers,
Among the lands it is the most beautiful.
It is where we were born,
It is where we grew up--
We love it.
God, please protect Lesotho.
Spare it conflict, and tribulation--
Oh, this land,
Land of our Fathers,
May it have peace.

_______________________________________ SOURCES:
Courtesy of

“Canada »” Accessed August 5, 2013) . Google

Wikipedia Complete National-Anthems-World-Edition-2013 Slovak State Philharmonic Orchestra Kosice
Slovak Radio Symphony Orchestra  National anthems of the world Nationalhymnen der Welt. Free download
The World Atlas









 South Africa---                                                       August  5



 Nigeria                                                                   August  6



 Egypt                                                                    August  7



 Algeria                                                                  August  8



 Angola                                                                   August  9



 Morocco                                                                 August  10



 Sudan                                                                    August  11



 Tunisia                                                                   August  12



 Ghana                                                                  August  13



 Libya                                                                    August  14



      August  15



      August  16



      August  17



       Ivory Coast                                                        
        August  18



 Tanzania                                                                 August  19



 Equatorial Guinea                                                  August  20



      August  21



      August  22



      August  23



      August  24



 Democratic Republic of the Congo                          August  25



 Republic of the Congo                                            August  26



 Senegal                                                                August  27



 Mozambique                                                          August  28



 Namibia                                                                August  29



      August  30



      August  31



       September   1



 Burkina Faso                                       
      September   1



      September   2



      September   3



      September   4



      September   5



      September   6



      September   7



 Guinea                                                                    September   8



      September   9



       September   10



       September   11



      September   12



 Lesotho                                                                  September   13



      September   14



 Sierra Leone                                     
      September   15



 Central African Republic                                        September   16



 Cape Verde                                       
       September   17



 Djibouti                                                                   September   18



      September   19



      September   20



 The Gambia                                      
      September   21



      September   22



      September   23



 São Tomé and Príncipe                                          September   24


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