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Mauritania







Per capita income 
         The name of the Anthem: "National Anthem of Mauritania" Mauritania 1960 (The year the anthem was adopted)

   To learn more about this country click here:  Mauritania

   
          QUIZ QUESTIONS                    
1.   When did Mauritania get her independence? Who was the first Leader of the Independent Mauritania?

   
   2.  Mauritania is in West Africa.  It is not a landlocked country.  
It has an outlet to the Atlantic Ocean. Other countries that share
borders with Mauritania include, Western Sahara, Algeria, Mali and 
Senegal.  Africa had many kingdoms many years ago.  Mauritania got
its name from one of those  Berber kingdoms that was called Kingdom
of Mauretania which was located where modern Morocco is today.  
Mauritania is plagued by abject poverty.  About 20% of the  people
in that country live on lesss than $1.25 US a day.  

They still practice what we in Liberia  refer to as initiation in 
Sande Society where clitoridectomy or female genital mutilation
is still performed.  This  country is very steep in Islamic culture.  
Human Rights organizations around the world have charged Mauritania
with involvement in hunan trafficking, child labor, slavery, and other
kinds of human rights violations.  

My question is, What is the United Nations doing about all these
human rights violations that Mauritania has been charged with?
What is the government of Mauritania doing to clear itself free of
these allegations?

3. General Mohamed Ould abdel Aziz came to power by means of the 
August 6 coup d'état that over threw the previous regime. He later
resigned from the Military and stood for an election in which he won.
What kind if leader is Mohamed Ould abdel Aziz?  A good leader
or a bad leader?  How do you substantiate your claims?

4. The ancient history of Mauritania suggests that the people of Mauritania
were once referred to as the Bafours who were nomads. But eventurally,
they decided to abandon their nomadic lifestyle to move to the southern
region to pursue a settled agricultural lifestyle.  Along came the Moorish Islamic warrior monks called Almoravid or Al Murabitun.  They invaded
the Ghana Empire, but not without a cost.  They experienced fierce
resistance from the Berber and those who were not Berbers.  This war
went on for over 50 years.  The Arabs and the Berbers continued again
another 30-year war and at the end, (1644-1674), unfortunately, they
were not able to repel the Yemeni Maqil Arabs who have come under
the leadership of Beni Hassan ethnic group to invade the land.  When 
the Moorish society was firmly establish, the Beni Hassan ethnic people
became the elite in the society.  The Marabouts (or brotherhood) were
mostly the Berbers who were the clerics and teachers of the Islamic
tradition in Mauritania.  These Marabouts were the Muslim religious
teachers and leaders in West Africa and in the Maghreb.  They taught
from the Holy Qur'an and they were considered the scholars in the
religious communities.  Many of those Marabouts continued the
pre-Islamic tradition of making amulets or medicine for good luck,
officiating over all kinds of ceremonies, telling the future and other
things..  Many of them traveled to Liberia selling medicine to people
in the villages.  They always announced, "good good medicine".  In
 my book, Liberia Facing Mount Nimba, pages 21 - 24, I discussed briefly
how some of the Islamic clerics who were members of the Marabouts,
Mori,
and Karamokos who were also members of the Qadirriya order, an Islamic tariqa (literally "Path") or brotherhood, have come to Liberia
and settled there especially in Nimba County and Bopolo.  Some of
these were Sufi Muslim teachers who had their lodges or school called a
Zaouia along the slave trade routes.  These religious brotherhoods
(Tariqah in the Sufi tradition) were very many in the area and they helped
spread Islam in West Africa.

My questions are:  If these Marabouts and Sufi scholars of these various
Islamic orders spread Islam in many parts of West Africa, how effective
were they in Rural Liberia in spreading Islam?  Were the indigenous
people receptive to their proselytizing--to try to convert them from
the practice of the African Traditional Religions to Islam?  How effective
were the Muslims in converting traditional Africans to Islam? Christianity
and Islam, which one will our people follow readily and why?



5 There are several major large cities in Mauritania.  One of these is the
Capital City, which one is it?

a. Nouakchatt
b. Ouadane
c. Boutilimit
d. Néma
e. Kankossa
f. Chaimane
g. Chegga
h. Rosso

 6.    We are told that Chinguetti was a center of Islamic scholarship in West
Africa.  Timbuktu was also the place of Islamic scholarship.  How much do you know about Chinguetti and how many of the Islamic scholars do you know?


7. What  year was the Mauritania National Anthem adopted? And what is
the Name of the National Anthem?  Who composed it?
a. 1965
b. 1958
c. 1960
d. 1951
e.  2005
f. None of the Above
g. The Name of the National Anthem________________________

8. Who was the Military General that ordered the coup that ousted Sidi Ould Cheikh Abdallahi from office and when was this?


9. What is Mauritania GDP (Gross Domestic Product) for 2012?


10. Who is Messaoud Ould Boulkheir, and why did he continue to ask for Abdel Aziz to resign? It is not only Boulkheir that has been asking Aziz to resign, the Arab Spring movement has brought series of protests in Mauritania starting from January 2011 and continued to 2012. This has been basically peaceful protests demanding President Mohamed Ould Abdel Aziz to resign. The common outcry from the people has centered around the issues of slavery which is widespread in the country, and other human rights abuses of child labor, and those pointed out in question #4 above. The people are protesting about these abuses, but what steps is the government taking to eradicate these problems? 11. For administrative purposes, Mauritania is divided into 12 Regions. Name the 12 Regions and their capitals.         12.    What is the political structure of this country?          1 3. Which Religion do most of the people of Mauritania adhere to? a.     African Traditional Religions? b. Christianity c. Islam d. Hinduism e. Buddhism f. Judaism 14. Is Mauritania a one party or multi-party state? If it is one party, what is the name of the one party? If multi-party, what are the names of the Political parties in Mauritania?

______________________________________________________________________

SOURCES:

Courtesy of Nationalanthems.info

“Canada » nationalanthems.info.” Accessed August 5, 2013) .          http://www.nationalanthems.info/ca.htm.

   Google

Wikipedia

Complete National-Anthems-World-Edition-2013
Slovak State Philharmonic Orchestra Kosice
Slovak Radio Symphony Orchestra

          National anthems of the world Nationalhymnen der Welt. Free download

  The World Atlas

____________________________________________
Listen to the   
National Anthems of All 

            African Countries

Every day a different African country's national     Anthem will play the entire day on this page.   This gives us an opportunity to listen to all the
National Anthems of each country in Africa.   There are 53 countries in Africa.  Some have
said that Liberia has one of the best Anthems
in the world.  Now we can listen to all the 
National Anthems of Africa and compare ours
with theirs.

The other reason for this exercise
is to provide our people the opportunity to
listen to, and to learn about other African
countries, see their flags, hear their National
Anthems, and enjoy the very beautiful music
we call, a country's National Anthem. Much
of our information comes from Nationalanthem.info. 

  
Please take note of the dates each

country's Anthem is played.  We begin with
South Africa on the 5th of August and end with
São Tomé and Principe on September 24, 2013.
 
If you want to know more about any of the
African countries, just click on the name of 
the particular country below on the left in blue among the list of 53 countries and you will have the information right there at your finger tip.

__________________________________________


One interesting factor about the listing of the 
African countries in the order in which they are
listed.  They are listed with the country with the
highest per capital income above and the lowest
per capital income at the bottom of the list. Liberia
is 6 up from the bottom.   Total number of countries
is 53.

___________________________________________

SOURCES: Courtesy of Nationalanthems.info

“Canada » nationalanthems.info.” Accessed August 5, 2013) .  http://www.nationalanthems.info/ca.htm. Google

Wikipedia Complete National-Anthems-World-Edition-2013 Slovak State Philharmonic Orchestra Kosice
Slovak Radio Symphony Orchestra  National anthems of the world Nationalhymnen der Welt. Free download
The World Atlas

____________________________________________


Africa

Country

World

 tt

Africa

 

1

 South Africa---                                                       August  5

 

2

 Nigeria                                                                   August  6

 

3

 Egypt                                                                    August  7

 

4

 Algeria                                                                  August  8

 

5

 Angola                                                                   August  9

 

6

 Morocco                                                                 August  10

 

7

 Sudan                                                                    August  11

 

8

 Tunisia                                                                   August  12

 

9

 Ghana                                                                  August  13

 

10

 Libya                                                                    August  14

 

11

 Kenya                                                            
      August  15

 

12

 Ethiopia                                                         
      August  16

 

13

 Cameroon                                                     
      August  17

 

14

       Ivory Coast                                                        
        August  18

 

15

 Tanzania                                                                 August  19

 

16

 Equatorial Guinea                                                  August  20

 

17

 Zambia                                                         
      August  21

 

18

 Botswana                                                     
      August  22

 

19

 Uganda                                                        
      August  23

 

20

 Gabon                                                           
      August  24

 

21

 Democratic Republic of the Congo                          August  25

 

22

 Republic of the Congo                                            August  26

 

23

 Senegal                                                                August  27

 

24

 Mozambique                                                          August  28

 

25

 Namibia                                                                August  29

 

26

 Mauritius                                                     
      August  30

 

27

 Mali                                                             
      August  31

 

28

 Madagascar                                          
       September   1

 

29

 Burkina Faso                                       
      September   1

 

30

 Chad                                                    
      September   2

 

31

 Zimbabwe                                            
      September   3

 

32

 Benin                                                   
      September   4

 

33

 Rwanda                                               
      September   5

 

34

 Niger                                                     
      September   6

 

35

 Malawi                                                 
      September   7

 

36

 Guinea                                                                    September   8

 

37

 Mauritania                                          
      September   9

 

38

 Swaziland                                          
       September   10

 

39

 Togo                                                  
       September   11

 

40

 Eritrea                                                
      September   12

 

41

 Lesotho                                                                  September   13

 

42

 Burundi                                              
      September   14

 

43

 Sierra Leone                                     
      September   15

 

44

 Central African Republic                                        September   16

 

45

 Cape Verde                                       
       September   17

 

46

 Djibouti                                                                   September   18

 

47

 Liberia                                               
      September   19

 

48

 Seychelles                                         
      September   20

 

49

 The Gambia                                      
      September   21

 

50

 Guinea-Bissau                                  
      September   22

 

51

 Comoros                                          
      September   23

 

52

 São Tomé and Príncipe                                          September   24

 




 
 
 
 
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