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São Tomé Príncipe


Per capita income 
         The name of the Anthem: "Total Independence" Sao Tomé and Principe 1975 (The year the anthem was adopted) 

 To learn more about this country click here: Sao Tomé Principe


1. The Comoros is a sovereign archipelago island nation in the Indian Ocean located at the end of the Mozambique Channel off the eastern coast of Africa, between northeastern Mozambique and northwestern Madagascar.

1. There are a few countries near Comoros.  Those other countries
near Comoros include the following:  Tanzania on the 
northwest, and on the northeast is Seychelles, the country we just studied. Seychelles is one of the Island countries we just studied.
You see the Island nations right above Madagascar where the arrow on
the map of Africa is pointed.  Its National Capital City is Moroni on
Grande Comore, one of the 4 islands that make up Comoros.

Even though these 4 islands that make up Comoros are said to be
all Comoros, the fourth island, Mayotte has never been administered by the Comoros government as the other three have. The reason is,
Mayotte has continued to be administered by France as an overseas
department.  The reason is, in 1974 when all the other islands voted
for independence to break away from France, Mayotte voted against
the idea of self-rule.  The United Nations has time and time attempted
in the Security Council to give this island its sovereignity, but France
had vetoed the idea continuously.  There was a referendum on
March 29, 2009 if Mayotte should remain an over seas department for
France and the referendum was overwhelmingly approved by the
people that Mayotte should remain an over seas department for

It must also be noted that Comoros is the only nation that has 
membership in all these international organizations:
1. African Union
2. Francophonie
3. Organization of Islamic Cooperation
4. The Arab League
5. Indian Ocean Commission

My question is,  Why are the people in Mayotte not willing to gain
total independence from France, but instead, they want to continue
to be an overseas department of France?    Give some reasons for
their decision.  Let those reasons be backed by facts.  Do not make
assumptions.  Do not speculate, or make any conjecture.

   2. Comoros has a very interesting history.  The original inhabitants of
Comoros were Africans and Austronesian who lived here during
the 6th century as documented by archeological findings from
Nzwani.  After that, there was in influx of people from other
places.  Even the great Bantu migration affected these small islands.
As we have studied, the great Bantu migration touched almost
all the countries south of the Sahara reaching out to the countries
that made up the island states on all sides of Africa in the ocean and
seas.  During the 11th century, Comoros traded with people on the
main land.  There are Swahili influences on the people of the island.
The Arabs made a significant impact of Comoros.  In fact, The
Arab traders arrived on the island at about the same time in the
6th century that the early inhabitants were arriving.  In the year 933
Omani sailors referred to the islands as "The Perfume Islands." It
is also noted that around 1152, people of Comoros were trading
metal tools for gold and ivory in East Africa.

Portuguese explorers are said to have arrived on the islands by 1505.
       By then, Bantu Muslim Chiefs and Fanis (lesser chiefs) were in control
       of the area. The portuguese sacked the island under the rule of Afonso
de Albuquerque in the year 1514.  The chiefs and rulers of the island
went into hiding in a volcanic crater and were never found by the Portuguese.  This followed by worriors from Madagascar who
raided the island in 1793 looking for and capturing slaves to
be traded. Madagascar finally took control of the island and 
made over 40% of the citizens on Camoros slaves.  The French
came in and colonized the island by 1841.  At the time of the
arrival of the French, A Madagascar King by the name of King
Andrian Tsouli was the King of Mayotte.  The French colonizers
made King Andrian Tsouli to sign a treaty of surrender and give
the island of Mayotte to the French.  King Tsouli capitulated and
signed the treaty and the French took over the island in April of 1841.

Mohéle was placed under French control in 1886 by its Queen
Salima Machimba.  As soon as the Queen surrendered to the
French, the Sultan Said Ali ben Said Omar who was over the Grande
Comore also handed over his island to the French for their
"protection" but the sovereignity remained with him until 1909.  The
other island, Anjouan saw what was happening around him with
queen, king and Sultan giving their islands to the French, so he too
decided to give his up also.  Sultan Said Muhamed of Anjouan decided
to abdicate his throne and let the French take control.  By 1912, the
entire Comoros:  Grande Comore, Anjouan, Mayotte, and Mohéli
have fallen under the control of France.  The French decided in
1914 that since they, the French, already controlled Madagascar, they
should let the French colonial governor general of Madagascar be in charge of both island countries, the Comoros and Madagascar.  In
later years, these four islands were converted into commercial
stations for France.  Each island was designated to play specific
roles in the interest of France.  The Grande Comoroe was designated
as a "way station for mercnants sailing to the Far East and India." 
They exported coconuts, cattle and tortoiseshell. The French built
plantations all over the place for cash crops to be produced here
and shipped to France. Mayotte was converted into a sugar
plantation, and the other islands were responsible to produce ylang- ylang, vanilla, coffee, cocoa bean and sisal.  After many years of colonialism, it was finally agreed for Comoros to gain her
independence in 1978.

My question is, while it is true that the French first arrived on
the Mayotte island and took the land by force, did the other
three capitulate to France willingly or they gave up their land by
coercion and under duress?  What is your evidence?   What benefit
did these islands receive as a result of French Colonialism?

   3. After independence, the island experienced over 30 years of the usual political unrest. There were coups and counter coups. My question is, where were those that were removed by the first coup d'état that took place after the independence? Name the first president and second leader who was also ousted in favor of his Minister of Defense Ali Soilih.

   4. Can you describe the educational system on the islands?  It is said
that almost all the educated population of Comoros have attended
Quranic school, before they entered regular western educational
institutions.  Why is that the case?  What is the content of the
Quranic education?  What is the content of the French education?
There are other major problems with the school systems.  There
are inadequate facilities, equipment, most of the teachers are not
qualified, not sufficient textbooks and other resources.  Why is it
like this?  Like Liberia, the teachers' salaries are also in arrears,
why is it so?  What advice can you give to the government of the
country to help them make sufficient appropriation and allocate
adequate funds for education?

   5. What is the most common language in Comoros?

6. What  year was the Comoros National Anthem adopted? And what is
the Name of the National Anthem?  Who composed it?
a. 1965
b. 1978
c. 1960
d. 1951
e.  2005
f. None of the Above
g. The Name of the National Anthem________________________

7. What was Comoros's GDP (Gross Domestic Product) for 2012?
8. São Tomé and Príncipe comprises of 4 major islands and several small islands. They are all located in the volcanic Comoros archipelago. 1. The Grande Comoroe on the northweast. Here is where the National Capital and largest City, Moroni is located, at Ngazidja. 2. Moheli, on the southwest with its capital at Fomboni 3. Anjouan on the southeast with its capital at Mutsamudu 4. Mayotte is still a contested island. It is located south with its capital city at Dzumogné         9.    What is the political structure of this country, São Tomé and Príncipe?
1 0. Which Religion do most of the people of São Tomé and Príncipe adhere to? a.     African Traditional Religions? b. Christianity--Which Brand of Christianity? 1. Roman Catholic 2. Protestant 3. Eastern Orthodox c. Islam d. Hinduism e. Buddhism f.

Portuguese lyrics English translation
Independência total,
Glorioso canto do povo,
Independência total,
Hino sagrado de combate.
Na luta nacional,
Juramento eterno
No pais soberano de São Tomé e Príncipe.
Guerrilheiro da guerra sem armas na mão,
Chama viva na alma do porvo,
Congregando os filhos das ilhas
Em redor da Pátria Imortal.
Independência total, total e completa,
Costruindo, no progresso e na paz,
A nação ditosa da Terra,
Com os braços heróicos do povo.
Trabalhando, lutando, presente em vencendo,
Caminhamos a passos gigantes
Na cruzada dos povos africanos,
Hasteando a bandeira nacional.
Voz do porvo, presente, presente em conjunto,
Vibra rijo no coro da esperança
Ser herói no hora do perigo,
Ser herói no ressurgir do País.
Na luta nacional,
Juramento eterno
No pais soberano de São Tomé e Príncipe.
Total independence,
Glorious song of the people,
Total independence,
Sacred hymn of combat.
In the national struggle,
Eternal oath
To the sovereign country of São Tomé and Príncipe.
Warriors in the war without weapons,
Live flame in the soul of the people,
Congregating the sons of the islands
Around the Immortal Fatherland.
Total independence, total and complete,
Building, in progress and peace,
With the heroic hands of the people,
The happiest nation on earth.
Working, struggling, struggling and conquering,
We go ahead with giant steps
In the crusade of the African peoples,
Raising the national flag.
Voice of the people, present, present and united,
Strong beat in the heart of hope
To be a hero in the hour of peril,
A hero of the Nation's resurgence.
In the national struggle,
Eternal oath
To the sovereign country of São Tomé and Príncipe.

SOURCES: Courtesy of

“Canada »” Accessed August 5, 2013) . Google

Wikipedia Complete National-Anthems-World-Edition-2013 Slovak State Philharmonic Orchestra Kosice
Slovak Radio Symphony Orchestra  National anthems of the world Nationalhymnen der Welt. Free download
The World Atlas


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